What Vaccines Does My Dog Need?
Vaccines are now being divided into two classes. "Core Vaccines" are those vaccines that are essential for every dog. These include Rabies and the Canine Distemper/Parvo vaccination which also includes Parainfluenza, Adenovirus I and II, as well as Hepatitis.
For puppies, the Rabies vaccine is a one year vaccine administered after the age of 3 months and the Distemper/Parvo Vaccination is administered after 6-8 weeks of age and requires up to three booster vaccinations approximately 4 weeks apart.
For dogs over one year of age, who have not received vaccinations previously, the Rabies vaccine is a one year vaccination and the Distemper/Parvo vaccination may need a booster in 4 weeks, and then will be good for one year.
If your dog is over the age of one year and has received these vaccinations in the past then the Rabies vaccination will be for three years and the Distemper/Parvo vaccination will also be for three years.
The second class is "Non-Core" vaccines. These are recommended depending upon a number of things including: the age and health of your dog, the potential exposure of your dog to the disease, and how common the disease is in the geographical area where your dog lives or may visit.
This vaccine protects your dog from the Upper Respiratory Infection commonly referred to as Kennel Cough. This vaccination is recommended if your dog visits puppy play parks, doggie daycare, is boarded, goes to the groomer, veterinary hospital, or anywhere other dogs may be or have been. This vaccination requires a booster in approximately 4 weeks with annual re-vaccination.
The tick-borne spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi causes Lyme disease. Common symptoms include both lameness and fever. Preventing tick attachment is one of the best ways to control the disease, but if you are in a high epidemic area, in addition to tick preventatives, the Lyme Disease test (4DX) and vaccination are highly recommended. This vaccination requires a booster in approximately 4 weeks with annual re-vaccination. For more information regarding tick preventions, please ask a customer service representative or vist our pharmacy for preventatives.
Canine influenza virus (CIV) causes a respiratory infection in dogs that is often referred to as "dog flu." CIV is a relatively new virus, so almost all dogs are susceptible to infection. Vaccination is recommended for dogs that are at an increased risk of exposure. Dog flu is more likely to be transmitted between dogs in locations where dogs are in groups, such as dog parks, kennels, training, etc. This vaccination requires a booster in approximately 4 weeks and annual re-vaccination.
Heartworm Test or Heartworm/Lyme/Erlichia/Anaplasma (4DX) Test
Heartworm disease is a serious and potentially fatal condition caused by parasitic worms living in the arteries of the lungs and right side of the heart of dogs. This infection is spread by mosquitoes. Heartworm prevention is safe, easy, inexpensive and available for purchase at the clinic or through our pharmacy. An annual test must be done to start or continue heartworm prevention in dogs over 6 months of age. In addition to the Heartworm test, we also offer testing for Lyme, Erlichia, and Anaplasmosis which are tick-borne diseases.
All puppies should be de-wormed at least twice starting at approximately 6-8 weeks of age. Afterthat and as adult dogs, a monthly heartworm preventative should be administered for the control and prevention of not only heartworm disease but intestinal parasites as well.